Propositions pour l'étude de la notion de mise en altérité
RésuméIn a first step, this article aims to show that the notion of "mise en altérité" leads to the presentation of otherness as a negative and stigmatised difference, an inverted representation of the self, the other being reduced to the condition of a foreigner, which is embodied in particular in the figure of the ancient barbarian. It then leads to the identification of otherness with an elsewhere, a metaphor for an unequal political vision of social space, particularly in medieval thought, and finally to the reduction of otherness to a deficit, a dissimilarity, a source of heterogeneity. In a second step, we will highlight the processes of otherness and minorisation of migrant minority populations through racism and insult, and then we will study the impact of diasporas on the construction of the otherness of migrants. The analysis of diasporic situations brings out the tensions inherent in situations of mobility, which is identified as facts of retraditionalisation and demodernisation resulting fr om cultural difference and leading to a risk of endogamy, and beyond that, to ethnicisation and racisation.
Bertucci, M.-M. (2021). Propositions pour l’étude de la notion de mise en altérité. Travaux neuchâtelois De Linguistique, (75), 125–149. https://doi.org/10.26034/tranel.2021.3008